How to End Manual Scavenging

How to End Manual Scavenging

Thank you Mr. Wilson for agreeing to this converstion. We are quite impressed by your work amongst the manual scavengers for their emancipation and rehabilitation. What is the state of these hapless people now? Bezwada Wilson: I am glad that you are interviewing. We work in 49 districts, mostly spread in Bihar, UP, MP, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, J&K. Approximately 56,000 people are engaged in manual scavenging and the majority are women. They are mostly involved in dry toilet cleaning. This is done before daylight to avoid the sight of people. The work includes collection, carrying and disposing of night soil. Septic tanks and sewage are cleaned by men.

Government of India plans to declare India as a Manual Scavenging Free State. We have conveyed to the authorities of NitiAayog the difficulty in achieving this target immediately and asked for more time. They want proof for the continued presence of manual scavenging. We need to furnish very clear data. After that, within a few months the task of conversion of the dry latrines to water closets can be completed. Dry latrine is inside the home, with no
commode or water drainage, and it has to be cleaned by human beings. Everyone defecates in to a basket or a bucket and the nightsoil has to be transferred to the basket to be carried to the dumping site.


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